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Part Two: Chapters 18-24

Chapter 18

An Inka-style unku for sale in Ayacucho, and an Inka mannequin in Cusco.

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Warmikuna show off their walikuna in Cusco.

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Wali styles vary from town to town. These women are from Yanque, Colca Canyon.

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Chapter 19

Áspero, an archaeological site that was part of the ancient Caral culture. Artist's renderings of fishing scenes and the various usnus.


A sign at Aspero shows the remains of an usnu and an artist's recreation of what an usnu might have looked like. 


Chapter 20

Caral, the oldest civilization in the Americas. Their usnus were made of adobe. Note that even at this early stage there was trade between the coast and the rainforest. The remains of parrots and monkeys have been found at Caral.


A maqana in a museum in Colca Canyon.

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Chapter 21

Sechín, an ancient culture whose ruins can be found outside the city of Casma in the Department of Ancash. The waka of Sechín Cerro shows gruesome images of body parts and defeated warriors, probably to scare enemies.


In downtown Casma, an artist's imaginings of the violent life of the ancient Sechín.


Chapter 22

The Chavín culture of the central Andes was very influential. Archaeologists refer to three great "horizons" in Peruvian prehistory wherein a culture rose to influence far beyond its own region. The first horizon is Chavín; the second is Wari; and the third is Inka. Below, a model of the Chavín waka at the UNCP Museo de la Cultura del Perú.

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Chapter 23

A lliklla can be a large shawl or a smaller cloth used to carry smaller things.

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An Inka qero made of wood. Qeros were also made of gold, but they are hard to find. 

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